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Kusari and EVM


Kusari has a pallet that allows developers to write EVM smart-contracts. This means that you can use Kusari as you would with Ethereum. Kusari is fully compatible with Ethereum's Web3 API and EVM. Here, we'll walk through a few subtle differences between Kusari and Ethereum. Namely, Kusari has a Proof of Stake-based consensus mechanism. This shouldn't affect you if you're building a DeFi or NFT based application. See our related documentation on proof-of-stake. In the following sections we detail Kusari<>EVM Compatibility.

Full-Ethereum API and Tooling Compatibility

If you're moving some portion of your smart contracts, state, or considering porting your full set of contracts off Ethereum to Kusari, it should 'just work'. That is the full set of your application, contracts, and tooling will remain the same. Kusari will be able to support:

  • Solidity and Serpent Based Smart Contracts
  • Ecosystem Tools (e.g., block explorers, front-end development libraries, wallets--i.e Metamask)
  • Development Tools (e.g., Truffle, Remix, MetaMask, ethers, web3js)
  • Ethereum Tokens via Bridges (e.g., token movement, state visibility, message passing)

You can view our tutorials to get a better feel for building Ethereum smart contracts on Kusari, and how to directly offload or migrate your Ethereum application onto Kusari.

As previously mentioned, Kusari is proof of stake, this does mean that smart contracts that rely on components of Ethereum's API that touch on Proof of Work--difficulty, uncles, hash-rate won't work as expected on Kusari. For those values, we have constant values set at the runtime level. Existing Ethereum contracts that rely on Proof of Work internals (e.g., mining pool contracts) will almost certainly not work as expected on Kusari.

How Kusari achieves Ethereum Compatibility

We achieve Ethereum compatibility with three integrated components. If you're a smart contract developer, this may just be of passing interest.

  • Pallet Ethereum: which allows for full Ethereum Block Processing
  • SputnikEVM: You can view the full documentation here:
  • EVM: which allows you to deploy